2015年管理类联考英语真题及答案
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          2015年管理类联考英语真题及答案

          日期:2016-08-17    点击:1128

          2015英语二真题

          Section I   Use of English

          Directions:

          Read the following textchoose the best word(s)for each numbered blank and mark ABCor D on ANSWER SHEET 1(10 points)

          In our contemporary culture,the prospect of communicating with-or even looking at-a stranger is virtually unbearable Everyone around us seems to agree by the way they fiddle with their phones even without a  1  underground

          It's a sad reality-our desire to avoid interacting with other human beings-because there's  2  to be gained from talking to the stranger standing by you. But you wouldn't know it,  3  into your phone. This universal armor sends the      4  :“Please don't approach me."

          What is it that makes us feel we need to hide  5  our screens?

          One answer is fear, according to Jon Wortmann, executive mental coach We fear rejectionor that our innocent social advances will be  6  as"creep,"We fear we' ll be  7  We fear we'll be disruptive Strangers are inherently 8  to us,so we are more likely to feel  9  when communicating with them compared with our friends and acquaintances To avoid this anxiety, we  10  to our phones."Phones become our security blanket,‘Wortmann says."They are our happy

          glasses that protect us from what we perceive is going to be more  11  ."

          But once we rip off the band-aidtuck our smart-phones in our pockets and look up it doesn't  12  so bad. In one 2011 experiment,behavioral scientists Nicholas Epley and Juliana Schroeder asked commuters to do the unthinkable: Start a 13  . They had Chicago train commuters talk to their fellow  14  . "When Dr.Epley and Ms. Schroeder asked other people in the same train station to  15  how they would feel after talking to a stranger, the commuters thought their  16  would be more pleasant if they sat on their own," the New York Times summarizes. Though the participants didn't expect a positive experience, after they  17  with the experiment, "not a single person reported having been snubbed."

          18 , these commutes were reportedly more enjoyable compared with those sans communication, which makes absolute sense,  19  human beings thrive off of social connections. It's that  20  : Talking to strangers can make you feel connected.

          1. [A] ticket    [B] permit   [C]signal   [D] record

          2. [A] nothing   [B] link    [C]another   [D] much

          3. [A] beaten    [B] guided   [C]plugged   [D] brought

          4. [A] message   [B] cede    [C]notice   [D] sign

          5. [A] under    [B] beyond   [C] behind   [D] from

          6. [A] misinterpreted  [B] misapplied  [C] misadjusted  [D] mismatched

          7. [A] fired    [B] judged   [C] replaced   [D] delayed

          8. [A] unreasonable  [B] ungrateful  [C] unconventional  [D] unfamiliar

          9. [A] comfortable   [B] anxious   [C] confident   [D] angry

          10. [A] attend   [B] point   [C] take    [D] turn

          11. [A] dangerous   [B] mysterious  [C] violent   [D] boring

          12. [A] hurt    [B] resist    [C] bend   [D] decay

          13. [A] lecture   [B] conversation  [C] debate   [D] negotiation

          14. [A] trainees   [B] employees  [C] researchers  [D] passengers

          15. [A] reveal   [B] choose   [C] predict   [D] design

          16. [A] voyage   [B] flight   [C] walk     [D] ride

          17. [A] went through  [B] did away   [C] caught up   [D] put up

          18. [A] In turn   [B] In particular  [C]In fact   [D] In consequence

          19. [A] unless   [B] since   [C] if    [D] whereas

          20. [A] funny    [B] simple   [C] Logical   [D] rare

           

          Section II  Reading Comprehension

          Part A   

          Directions: Read the following four texts. Answer the questions below each text by choosing A, B, C or D. Mark your answers on ANSWER SHEET. (40 points)

          Text 1

          A new study suggests that contrary to most surveys, people are actually more stressed at home than at work. Researchers measured people's cortisol,which is a stress marker,while they were at work and while they were at home and found it higher at what is supposed to be a place of refuge.

          "Further contradicting conventional wisdom, we found that women as well as men have lower levels of stress at work than at home," writes one of the researchers,Sarah Damaske, In fact, women say they feel better at work, She notes. "it is men not women who report being happier at home than at work," Another surprise is that the findings hold true for both those with children and without, but more so for non-parents. This is why people who work outside the home have better health.

          What the study doesn't measure is whether people are still doing work when they' re at home, whether it is household work or work brought home from the office. For many men, the end of the workday is a time to kick back. For women who stay home, they never get to leave the office. And for women who work outside the home, they often are playing catch-up-with-household tasks. With the blurring of roles, and the fact that the home front lags well behind the workplace in making adjustments for working women, it' s not surprising that women are more stressed at home.

          But it's not just a gender thing. At work, people pretty much know what they're supposed to be doing: working, making money, doing the tasks they have to do in order to draw an income. The bargain is very pure: Employee puts in hours of physical or mental labor and employee draws out life-sustaining moola.

          On the home front, however, people have no such clarity. Rare is the household in which the division of labor is so clinically and methodically laid out. There are a lot of tasks to be done, there are inadequate rewards for most of them.  

          Your home colleagues-your family-have no clear rewards for their labor; they need to be talked into it, or if they' re teenagers, threatened with complete removal of all electronic devices. Plus, they' re your family. You cannot fire your family. You never really get to go home from home.

          So it's not surprising that people are more stressed at home. Not only are the tasks apparently infinite, the co-workers are much harder to motivate.

          21.According to Paragraph 1,most previous surveys found that home___________

            [A]was an unrealistic place for relaxation         [B]generated more stress than the workplace

            [C]was an ideal place for stress measurement      [D]offered greater relaxation than the workplace

          22.According to Damaske,who are likely to be the happiest at home?

            [A]Working mothers      [B]Childless husbands  [C] Childless wives   [D]Working fathers

          23.The blurring of working womens  roles refers to the fact that___________

            [A]they are both bread winners and housewives     [B]their home is also a place for kicking back

            [C]there is often much housework left behind       [D]it is difficult for them to leave their office

          24.The word"moola"(Line 4,para 4)most probably means___________

            [A]energy      [B]skills       [C]earnings      [D]nutrition

          25.The home front differs from the workplace in that_____________

            [A]home is hardly a cozier working environment      [B]division of labor at home is seldom clear-cut

            [C]household tasks are generally more motivating     [D]family labor is often adequately rewarded

           

          Text 2

          For years, studies have found that first-generation college students-those who do not have a parent with a college degree-lag other students on a range of education achievement factors. Their grades are lower and their dropout rates are higher. But since such students are most likely to advance economically if they succeed in higher education, colleges and universities have pushed for decades to recruit more of them. This has created "a paradox" in that recruiting first-generation students, but then watching many of them fail, means that higher education has "continued to reproduce and widen, rather than close" achievement gap based on social class, according to the depressing beginning of a paper forthcoming in the journal Psychological Science.

          But the article is actually quite optimistic, as it outlines a potential solution to this problem, suggesting that an approach(which involves a one-hour, next-to-no-cost program) can close 63 percent of the achievement gap(measured by such factors as grades)between first-generation and other students.

          The authors of the paper are from different universities, and their findings are based on a study involving 147 students(who completed the project)at an unnamed private university. First,generation was defined as not having a parent with a four-year college degree Most of the first-generation students(59.1 percent) were recipients of Pell Grants,a  federal g rant for undergraduates with financial need,while this was true only for 8.6 percent of the students wit at least one parent with a four-year degree

          Their thesis-that a relatively modest intervention could have a big impact-was based on the view that first-gene ration students may be most lacking not in potential but in practical knowledge about how to deal with the issues that face most college students They cite past research by several authors to show that this is the gap that must be narrowed to close the achievement gap.

          Many first-gene ration students"struggle to navigate the middle-class culture of higher education,learn the'rules of the game,’and take advantage of college resources," they write And this becomes more of a problem when collages don't talk about the class advantage and disadvantages of different groups of students Because US colleges and universities seldom acknowledge how social class can affect students' educational experience,many first-gene ration students lack sight about why they a re struggling and do not understand how students' like them can improve

          26. Recruiting more first-generation students has

            [A]reduced their dropout rates            [B]narrowed the achievement gap

            [C] missed its original purpose            [D]depressed college students

          27.The author of the research article are optimistic because

            [A]the problem is solvable               [B]their approach is costless

            [C] the recruiting rate has increased        [D]their finding appeal to students

          28.The study suggests that most first-gene ration students

            [A]study at private universities             [B]are from single-pa rent families

            [C] are in need of financial support          [D]have failed their college

          29. The author of the paper believe that first-generation students

            [A]a re actually indifferent to the achievement gap       [B]can have a potential influence on other students

            [C] may lack opportunities to apply for research projects  [D]are inexperienced in handling their issues at college

          30.We may infer from the last paragraph that--

            [A]universities often reject the culture of the middle-class

            [B]students are usually to blame for their lack of resources

            [C]social class greatly helps en rich educational experiences

            [D]colleges are partly responsible for the problem in question

           

          Text 3

          Even in traditional offices“the lingua franca of corporate America has gotten much more emotional and much more right-brained than it was 20 years ago” said Harvard Business School professor Nancy Koehn She started spinning off examples."If you and I parachuted back to Fortune 500 companies in 1990We would see much less frequent use of terms like Journey, mission,passion. There were goalsthere were strategies,t here were objectives,but we didn't talk about energy;we didn't talk about passion."

          Koehn pointed out that this new era of corporate vocabulary is very "team"-oriented-and not by coincidence."Let's not forget sports-in male-dominated corporate America,It's still a big deal. It's not explicitly conscious;It's the idea that I'm a coach,and you're my team,and we're in this together. There are lots and lots of CEOs in very different companies,but most think of themselves as coaches and this is their team and they want to win".

          These terms a re also intended to infuse work with meaning-and,as Khurana points out,increase allegiance to the firm."You have the importation of terminology that historically used to be associated with non-profit organizations and religious organizations:Terms like vision,values,passion,and purpose,”said Khurana

          This new focus on personal fulfillment can help keep employees motivated amid increasingly loud debates over work-life balance The "mommy wars" of the 1990s a re still going on today, prompting arguments about why women still can't have it all and books like Sheryl Sandberg's Lean In,whose title -has become a buzzword in its own right. Terms like unplug,offline,life-hack,bandwidth,and capacity are all about setting boundaries between the office and the home But if your work is your "passion," you'll be more likely to devote yourself to it,even if that means going home for dinner and then working long after the kids are in bed

          But this seems to be the irony of office speak:Everyone makes fun of it,but manage rs love it,companies depend on it,and regular people willingly absorb it As Nunberg said,”You can get people to think it's nonsense at the same time that you buy into it." In a workplace that's fundamentally in different to your life and its meaning office speak can help you figure out how you relate to your work-and how your work defines who you are

          31. According to Nancy Koehn, office language has become________

            [A]more  emotional  [B]more objective   [C]less energetic    [D]less strategic

          32."team"-oriented corporate vocabulary is closely related to________

            [A]historical incidents  [B]gender difference   [C]sports culture    [D]athletic executives

          33.Khurana believes that the importation of terminology aims to________

            [A]revive historical terms           [B]promote company image

            [C]foster corporate cooperation      [D]strengthen employee loyalty

          34.It can be inferred that Lean In_________

            [A]voices for working women           [B]appeals to passionate workaholics

            [C]triggers debates among mommies      [D]praises motivated employees

          35.Which of the following statements is true about office speak?

            [A]Managers admire it but avoid it        [B]Linguists believe it to be nonsense

            [C]Companies find it to be fundamental    [D]Regular people mock it but accept it

           

          Text 4

          Many people talked of the 288,000 new jobs the Labor Department reported for June, along with the drop in the unemployment take to 6 J percent. at good news. And they were right. For now it appears the economy is creating jobs at a decent pace. We still have a long way to go to get back to full employment, but at least we are now finally moving forward at a faster pace.

          However there is another important part of the jobs picture that was largely overlooked. There was a big jump in the number of people who report voluntarily working part-time. This figure is now 830,000(4.4 percent)above its year ago level.

          Before explaining the connection to the Obamacare, it is worth making an important distinction. Many people who work part-time jobs actually want full-time jobs. They take part-time work because this is all they can get. An increase in involuntary part-time work is evidence of weakness in the labor market and it means that many people will be having a very hard time making ends meet.

          There was an increase in involuntary part-time in June, but the general direction has been down. Involuntary part-time employment is still far higher than before the recession, but it is down by 640,000(7.9 percent)from its year ago level.

          We know the difference between voluntary and involuntary part-time employment because people tell us. The survey used by the Labor Department asks people if they worked less than 35 hours in the reference week. If the answer is "yes."they are classified as working part-time. The survey then asks whether they worked less than 35 hours in that week because they wanted to work less than full time or because they had no choice. They are only classified as voluntary part-time workers if they tell the survey taker they chose to work less than 35 hours a week.

          The issue of voluntary part-time relates to Obamacare because one of the main purposes was to allow people to get insurance outside of employment. For many people, especially those with serious health conditions or family members with serious health conditions, before Obamacare the only way to get insurance was through a job that provided health insurance.However, Obamacare has allowed more than 12 million people to either get insurance through Medicaid or the exchanges. These are people who may previously have felt the need to get a full-time job that provided insurance in order to cover themselves and their families. With Obamacare there is no longer a link between employment and insurance.

          36. Which part of the jobs picture was neglected?

            [A] The prospect of a thriving job market.     [B] The increase of voluntary part-time jobs.

            [C] The possibility of full employment.       [D] The acceleration of job creation.

          37. Many people work part-time because they

            [A] prefer part-time jobs to full-time jobs      

            [B] feel that is enough to make ends meet

            [C] cannot get their hands on full-time jobs    

            [D] haven' t seen the weakness of the market

          38. Involuntary part-time employment in the US

            [A] is harder to acquire than one year ago      [B] shows a general tendency of decline

            [C] satisfies the real need of the jobless        [D] is lower than before the recession

          39. It can be learned that with Obamacare, .

            [A] it is no longer easy for part-timers to get insurance

            [B] employment is no longer a precondition to get insurance

            [C] it is still challenging to get insurance for family members

            [D] full-time employment is still essential for insurance

          40. The text mainly discusses.

            [A] employment in the US                   [B] part-timer classification

            [C] insurance through Medicaid               [D]Obamacare's trouble

           

          Part B

          Direction:In the following text, some sentences have been removed. For Questions 41-45, choose the most suitable one from the list [A]-[G] to fit into each of the numbered blank. There are two extra choices, which do not fit in any of the gaps.Mark your answers on ANSWER SHEET1. (10 points)

          [A]You are not alone

          [B]Dont fear responsibility for your life

          [C]Pave your own unique path

          [D] Most of your fears are unreal

          [E]Think about the present moment

          [F]Experience helps you grow

          [G]There are many things to be grateful for

           

          Unfortunately, life is not a bed of roses, We are going through life facing sad experiences. Moreover, we are grieving various kinds of loss: a friendship, a romantic relationship of a house. Hard times may hold you down at what usually seems like the most inopportune time,but you should remember that they won't last forever.

          When our time of mourning is over, we press forward, stronger with a greater understanding and respect for life. Furthermore, these losses make us mature and eventually move as toward future opportunities for growth and happiness. I want to share these old truths I've learned along the way.

          41.                                

          Fear is both useful and harmful. This normal human reaction is used to protect us by signaling danger and preparing us to deal with it. Unfortunately, people create inner barriers with a help of exaggerating fears. My favorite actor will smith once said, "Fear is not real. It is a product of thoughts you create. Do not misunderstand me. Danger is very real. But fear is a choice." I do completely agree that fears are just the product of our luxuriant imagination.

          42 .                                 

          If you are surrounded by problems and cannot stop thinking about the past, try to focus on the present moment. Many of us are weighed down by the past or anxious about the future. You may feel guilt over your past, but you are poisoning the present with the things and circumstances you cannot change Value the present moment and remember how fortunate you are to be alive. Enjoy the beauty of the world around and keep the eyes open to see the possibilities before you. Happiness is not a point of future and not a moment from the past, but a mindset that can be designed into the present.

          43.                                

          Sometimes it is easy to feel bad because you are going through tough times. You can be easily caught up by life problems that you forget to pause and appreciate the things you have. Only strong people prefer to smile and value their life instead of crying and complaining about something.

          44..                               

          No matter how isolated you might feel and how serious the situation is, you should always remember that you are not alone. Try to keep in mind that almost everyone respects and wants to help you if you are trying to make a good change in your life, especially your dearest and nearest people, You may have a circle of friends who provide constant good humor, help and companionship. If you have no friends or relatives. Try to participate in several online communities, full of people who are always willing to share advice and encouragement.

          45 .                              

          Today many people find it difficult to trust their own opinion and seek balance by gaining objectivity from external sources. This way you devalue your opinion and show that you are incapable of managing your of own life. When you are struggling to achieve something important you should believe in yourself and be sure that your decision is the best. You live in your skin, think your own thoughts, have your own values and make your own choices.

           

          Section III  Translation

          46. Directions:

          Translate the following text from English into Chinese. Write your translation on ANSWER SHEET 2. (15 points)

          Think about driving a route that's very familiar. It could be your commute to work, a trip into town or the way home. Whichever it is, you know every twist and turn like the back of your hand. On these sorts of trips it's easy to lose concentration on the driving and pay little attention to the passing scenery. The consequence is that you perceive that the trip has taken less time than it actually has.

          This is the well--traveled road effect: people tend to underestimate the time it takes to travel a familiar route.

          The effect is caused by the way we allocate our attention. When we travel down a well-known route, because we dont have to concentrate much, time seems to flow more quickly.And afterwards, when we come to think back on it, we cant remember the journey well because we didnt pay much attention to it. So we assume it was shorter.

           

          Section Writing

          Part A

          47.Directions:

             Suppose your university is going to host a summer camp for high school students. Write a notice to

          1)briefly introduce the camp activities, and

          2)call for volunteers.

            You should write about 100 words on the ANSWER SHEET.

          Do not use your name or the name of your university.

          Do not write your address.(10 points)

           

          Part B

          48.Directions:

             Write an essay based on the following chart. In your writing, your should

          1)interpret the chart, and

          2)give your comment.

             You should write about 150 words on the ANSWER SHEET.

           


            

                                 2015考研英语二试题解析
          Section I Use of English

          1.C signal 2. D Much 3. C plugged 4.A message 5. C behind6. A misinterpreted 7.B judged 8.D unfamiliar 9.B anxious 10.D turn 11.A dangerous 12.A hurt 13.B conversation 14.D Passengers15.C predict 16.D ride 17.A went through 18.C in fact 19.B since 20.B simple

          Section II Reading Comprehension
          Part A    Text 1  21-25  DBACB     Text2   26-30  CACDD     Text 3   31-35  ACDAC       

                   Text4   36-40  BCBBA      Text5   41-45  DEGAC

          Section III Translation

          46、【参考译文】  

               想想看在一条非常熟悉的路上驾驶的感觉,这可能发生在上班,进城或回家的路上。无论如何,你会熟悉路上的每一个迂回曲折。在这类旅行中,我们很容易会分散注意力并且不太关注路边的风景。结果就是你误以为旅途比实际所用的时间要少。

          这是美妙的旅程所产生的效果:人们往往会低估在熟悉的旅程中所用掉的时间。

          我们分散注意力的方式会导致这种结果。当我们在知名的路途中行驶时,我们不必过于集中精力,时间似乎过得飞快。随后,当我们回想整个过程时,由于没有特别留神,会变得印象模糊。此时,我们似乎会觉得这段旅程会更短些。

           

          Section IV Writing    Part A
            47. 

          Notice

          The Students' Union are arranging for a summer camp for high school students to broaden their horizon and experience different life.As there are some foreign students,who will also attend it,some volunteers are needed.The details are as follows.

          To begin with,the summer camp is scheduled on July 15th and will end on July 22nd.That is to say,it will last for about one week and the theme is "Loving your country,Loving the world".What is more,different kinds of activities are included during the camp,like knowledge competition, patriotic songs contest, drama contest and so on.Last but not least,volunteers should be those who are good at communicating with foreigners and also take an active part in activities.

          If you have any questions,please do not hesitate to contact us at 5678 soon.

              Students' Union


          48.

          The pie chart provides some interesting data regarding the family expense of urban residents during Spring Festival in our country. As is shown above, the family expense during the holiday is mainly used for gifts, accounting 40 percent of the whole expense.

          Obviously, such statistics regarding family expenses reflects the lifestyles of the average urban family in China. To begin with, the most expense used for buying presents suggests that Chinese people are more likely to enjoy a lifestyle of communication during holidays, which may add more flavor to their routine life. What's more, it is interesting to note that urban residents attach importance to giving others gifts, thereby devoting much of the income to gifts for friends, relatives and family members. In addition, there is no denying in saying that the major factor responsible for the phenomenon is that urban people posses more money available for gifts thanks to the growth of urban economy.


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